One billion people still hungry

12 11 2010


overpopulationA few days ago, that printed mouthpiece of Murdoch’s News Corporation in Australia – The Australiani, attacked Paul Ehrlich with a spectacular piece of uninformed gibberish (‘Population bomb still a fizzer 40 years on‘) that we both feel compelled to contest.

The Australian, well-known for its ‘War on Science’, refused to give us the opportunity to respond officially in an Opinion Editorial, so we are compelled to fight back using the blogosphere and our collective networks (which, we might add, probably exceed the distribution of said newspaper). Frankly, it was no surprise that The Australian chose to ignore us.

The article in question was written by Oliver Marc Hartwich of the so-called ‘Centre for Independent Studies’, the hyper-conservative Australian propaganda machine reminiscent of the ultra-right wing American Enterprise Institute, made up of some of Australia’s most powerful business magnates and with no academic affiliation whatsoever. Anything vaguely left-of-centre and even remotely promoting environmental responsibility is considered a viable target.

Recently, we blew the whistle on an equally dangerous man and the institutes he represents – climate-denier Alan Oxley; he and the business interests he represents are responsible for more deforestation, biodiversity loss and financial inequity in South East Asia over the last few decades than almost any single group.

Now we turn our attention to expose the true colours of the Centre for Independent Studies and Mr. Hartwich.

Getting it wrong almost immediately, Hartwich insinuates that ‘nature’ and ‘the environment’ (two names for the same thing) are in some way separate from humanity – that the lefties promote the former instead of the latter. Hartwich misses the point completely and fails to understand Paul’s and my point – that over-consumption (that inseparable product of population size and per capita consumption rate) harm the very natural systems on which we are utterly dependent.

Hartwich demonstrates his passion for the polemic; he sows the seed of doubt among the populace to ensure the flows of riches to his already wealthy supporters’ remain uninterrupted (a successful tactic employed by the fossil fuel lobby to attack society’s required responses to climate change). But there are no sides, no ‘us’ versus ‘them’. It is ‘us’ versus ‘us’, and spiting ourselves is, even in a moron’s opinion, sawing through the branch we are sitting on.

We are not ‘misanthropists’ as labelled by Hartwich – quite the contrary – we are philanthropists insomuch as we desire to have the maximum number of human beings live decent, happy, healthy, productive and long lives. Unlike Hartwich, we do not want now to maximize the number alive at one time, in the process wrecking human life-support systems in this century.  We want our own species to persist at a sustainable level for millions of years, allowing perhaps a million or more times as many people eventually to be happily alive than would otherwise have under Hartwich’s scheme promoted by his greedy “thoughtless tank” backers.  Hartwich and his cronies would have us maximise their annual profits at the expense of our grandchildren and then our granchildren’s grandchildren. Personally, we want our descendants to enjoy life even more than we have been so fortunate to do.  And we wish the same for Hartwich’s grandchildren too – despite his attempts to immiserate them.

What we are promulgating is exactly what the most distinguished James Lovelock, a brilliant scientist denigrated and again, completely misunderstood by Hartwich (we wonder if he has even read Lovelock’s original [1-3] or more modern [4,5] texts on the issue), predicts will occur – mass human suffering and die-off.

Hartwich also employs the increasingly popular tycoon’s mantra of saving the poor, and that we the ‘disciples of Gaia’ii, are ‘completely oblivious to the needs of the people in poorer places”.

Another complete fabrication. We tackled this little morsel of nonsense in our Open Letter about Alan Oxley. If Hartwich had any real understanding of human ecology, he would know that two of Australia’s greatest scientists (Herbert Andrewartha and Charles Birch) showed over a half-century ago [6] that as populations increase, more and more individuals are forced to occupy marginal areas of lower food availability and higher environmental volatility. As environmental catastrophes occur (and they always do), it is exactly the most marginalised, poorest and most vulnerable individuals that cop it worst.

As our climate spirals out of control, our lands become more degraded and less productive, and as more and more people occupy the less-stable and least-productive regions of our planet, it is exactly the poor who will (and are currently) suffering the most from our run-away population growth. Hartley’s position is tantamount to condemning more and more people to misery, suffering and short lives.

Conservative big-corporation interests perpetually attack me (Ehrlich) about our idea that wealthy countries should give up some of their development to help poor people [7]; unfortunately, this has never happened. Instead of repeatedly babbling the lie that they are somehow working in the interests of the poor, perhaps big business should put its money where its mouth is.

Many Australians naïvely think (thanks to people like Hartwich and Oxley) that we live in a sheltered box away from the mounting problems of the world. At the time The Population Bomb was printed, the Earth contained about 3.5 billion people, approximately 500,000 million of whom were malnourished and hungry. Now our nearly 7 billion-strong world population has about one billion hungry people (remember too that from the perspective of a country’s carrying capacity, absolute numbers, not proportions, matter). What, dear reader, do you think will happen as the world’s ever-increasing poor and hungry attempt to flee their misery for the greener pastures of countries like Australia? If you believe we have ethically thorny immigration and refugee issues now, you ain’t seen nothing yet.

Yes, indeed – nature is much more than the cute and cuddly; it includes us in all our glory and faults. Misguided and unbridled development and consumption driven by a burgeoning human population and big business hurts us as much as the “cute polar bears, cuddly koalas and clumsy penguins” (it’s hard to believe, but yes, Hartwich actually wrote that).

Hartwich, the Centre for Independent Studies and other right-wing thoughtless-tanks are working hard to guarantee your children and grandchildren will suffer. We cannot let these (insanely wealthy) people dictate our future. We should all be extremely worried too that one of our major newspapers promulgates such dangerous rubbish without even giving us the courtesy of response: The Australian – this country’s own little ridiculous slice of Faux News.

Corey J.A. Bradshaw and Paul R. Ehrlich


i I (Bradshaw) have always been stunned of this newspaper’s audacity to call itself ‘THE Australian’, as if it somehow represented Australia and Australians. Rupert Murdoch does not represent me, or anyone I know, for that matter.

ii We love this one in particular. We’ve both written about the Gaia theory [8,9] independently, and we know that Hartwich would not have done his research about our respective positions on the scientific underpinnings of Lovelock’s work.


1. Lovelock JE (1965) A physical basis for life detection experiments. Nature 20: 568-570.

2. Lovelock JE (1972) Gaia as seen through the atmosphere. Atmospheric Environment 6: 579-580.

3. Lovelock JE, Margulis L (1974) Atmospheric homeostasis by and for the biosphere – the Gaia hypothesis. Tellus 26: 2-10.

4. Lovelock J (2006) The Revenge of Gaia. London: Penguin Books.

5. Lovelock J (2009) The Vanishing Face of Gaia: A Final Warning. New York, NY: Basic Books.

6. Andrewartha HG, Birch LC (1954) The Distribution and Abundance of Animals. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

7. Ehrlich PR, Ehrlich AH, Holdren JP (1977) Ecoscience: Population, Resources, Environment. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.

8. Ehrlich P (1991) Coevolution and its applicability to the Gaia hypothesis. In: Schneider SH, Boston PE, eds. Scientists on Gaia. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. pp. 19-22

9. Bradshaw CJA, Brook BW (2009) The Cronus hypothesis – extinction as a necessary and dynamic balance to evolutionary diversification. Journal of Cosmology 2: 221-229



15 responses

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12 11 2010
Tom Keen

Great rebuttal. I just posted a link to this response in the comments section of The Australian article. I have doubts whether it will be published though.

Interestingly, when you hit the “submit comment” button, it comes up with a little disclaimer, saying this:

“Feedback will be rejected if it does not add to a debate, or is a purely personal attack, or is offensive, repetitious, illegal or meaningless, or contains clear errors of fact.”

Meaningless? Contains personal attacks? Offensive? Does not add to the debate? CONTAINS CLEAR ERRORS OF FACT? If only The Australian would follow their own criteria when publishing articles.


12 11 2010

Thanks, Tom. The Australian – hypocritical? Never!


12 11 2010

Great to hear you fighting against this nonsense Corey.
There’s a great William Rees presentation online, which he discusses much of this – the most poignant part, to me, is where he talks about the pollution in China – it is in reality much of the affluent west’s footprint and not China.
I’m working on a little project at the moment, The Human Island, where I’m hoping to explain just how much we rely on ecology – that economy is really nothing more than the conception of human design and the environment and that market will not and cannot sort of our problems.
I stopped reading the Australian around a decade ago when they featured a week long series; fear-mongering nonsense about sharks after a fatality. Recently, I became aware of the appalling writing of Andrew Bolt – the worst of which promoted extinction. I simply cannot read newspapers any more.


12 11 2010

Can’t wait to read it.


12 11 2010
Jane Addison

Thanks for the great rebuttal Corey/Paul. The ‘thinking man’s’ page 3 women that The Australian has been increasingly including was nearly, but not quite, enough for me to boycott it. This article is the final straw.


12 11 2010

One less paid subscriber. Excellent. These people only think in terms of money.


12 11 2010
Peter Wood

I for one, have noticed that the Australian newspaper is increasingly hijacked by special interests. Many of the columnists appear to be a mouthpiece for who know who.

The name ‘The Australian’ misleads many people that the newspaper advocates for them. But I don’t think that is the case.

I still read it because of their sports coverage, but these days, I find that I can get that coverage elsewhere. Time to read elsewhere.




12 11 2010

Excellent. Hit them where it hurts most. Haven’t bought one for years either (and never will).


12 11 2010
Peter Wood

Thanks Corey!


12 11 2010
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